Local officials estimate there are as many as 50 folk festivals celebrated within the Province. Each is associated with a tradition and belief of local ethnic communities. Many are associated with a specific ethnic group, and many are only celebrated locally. Local festivals tend to be associated with a specific location (temple or pagoda), and many originated in the Cham culture. A number of the festivals are connected to whale worship, and many are tied to Buddhism or find their roots in ancient Hindu (Cham) beliefs or local legend.
Tet (Lunar New Year Celebration)
In Western Countries like the USA, the "holiday season" is over after January 1. Not so in Vietnam. Here the holiday season is extended for another month or more as families prepare for Tet, the lunar new year. Contrary to popular misunderstanding, Tet is not a single-day affair. Traditionally an entire month-long festival is celebrated from the 15th day of the twelfth month to the 15th day of the first month, but the first 3 days of the new year are the most important. The first day of the new year falls on January 29 this year.
The Mid-Autumn Festival
15th day of the 8th month (lunar calendar)
The Mid Autumn Festival (Trung Thu) is also known as the Moon Festival, and is a popular Chinese celebration dating back over 3,000 years to China”s Zhou Dynasty. The Festival falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month of the Chinese calendar. The traditional food of this festival is the mooncake, of which there are many different varieties. Cakes usually have at least one dried, salted egg yolk and come with fillings of coconut, yellow or green bean, lotus seed or minced pork. All are sweet.
A more Binh Thuan Province was nationally recognized and awarded for its extravagant celebration of the Mid-Autumn Festival at the 2006 Vietnam Guide Awards.
Nghinh Ong Celebration
16 / 8 to 18 / 8 Lunar month (August, September or October)
“Nghinh Ong” is devoted to whale worship and is celebrated at the Ong pagoda by thousands of Chinese and Vietnamese participants in Phan Thiet. People gather to pray for happiness, health and good fortune for family and friends. Ong Pagoda was built to worship Quan Kong and was built in November 1770 (Year of the Tiger), in Duc Nghia Precinct, Phan Thiet City. It has a beautiful, Chinese architecture. A statue of Quan Kong and an old bell cast in Guang Tung (China) are preserved here. On festival days, the pagoda is decorated with flower garlands. Colorful lanterns are hung during the night. There are some cultural activities such as "hat boi" (classical dramas performances) and "hat ba trao" (singing traditional local folk songs). The festival continues with elaborate parades, costumes, and an enormous dragon dance.
Mbang Kate Festival
Date: 8th and 9th lunar month
This festive holiday is an adaptation of the last day of Muslim Ramadan (called Ramawan by the Cham) The festival begins in the towers and mausoleums and then moves to homes. Locally, it typically begins at the Cham Towers overlooking Phan Thiet. This Cham festival is an occasion to celebrate heroes and spirits (Po Nagar), kings of merit (Kings Po Klong Garai and Po Ro Me), and their people. On this holiday, the Raglai people travel to the Highlands and celebrate together with the Cham people. During the Festival, there are offerings made to the genii, and hats and costumes are placed on statues. At the end of the ceremony, people recite poems, play music, and participate in other games and forms of entertainment.
Dinh Thay Festival - Festival at the Magician”s Temple
Every year on the 15th and 16th days of the 9th month of the Vietnamese lunar year, at the Magician”s Temple (Thay Thim) in La Gi, Ham Tan, there is a big Festival on the death anniversary of a Magician and his Wife. The Legend says that in the 19th century, a married couple from Quang Nam Province came here and cured the diseases of the local inhabitants with magic. After their death, the local people built a temple to worship them. During the Festival, many local people go to the temple to praying, receive tattoos, consult oracles, have their horoscopes told, and attend banquets. The festival is held in Tan Hai Commune, La Gi County.
The Cau Ngu Festival
The Cau Ngu Festival is a fisherman”s festival for whale worship and alternates years with the Nghinh Ong Festival. It includes a parade, dragon boat races, traditional games, and a variety of performances of Ba Trao Opera, the most notable performance being around the clock at the Van Thuy Tu Whale Temple.
The Dua Linh or Ba Trao Opera is originally a Cham art form associated with whale worship. The ritual begins on the riverbank with boatmen singing while rowing; praying to the Whale for peace, favorable winds, a safe voyage, and a good catch for the season.